Key Figures Of World War II PDF Free Download

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Key figures of world war ii pdf free download windows 10

World War II Complete Unit Guide Packet Overview For the second time in the 20th century, the world was engulfed in a massive conflict. World War 2 lasted from 1939 to 1945. The majority of the world’s countries eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis Powers. World War II crossword puzzles (or World War 2 crossword puzzles) are helpful history classroom activities, whether you want to review famous WWII generals and military figures or political motivations for the war, battles on the front lines or struggles on the home front, the horrors of the Holocaust or the triumph of the Allies over Axis forces. World War II in the Pacific Word Search Puzzle: World War II Writing Exercises Handout #1: World War II in the Pacific Sheet of Code Puzzles: Strengths and Weaknesses of the Axis & Allies DIY Blank Chart: Japan in World War II Code Puzzle. This collection of World War I documents has been compiled by Alpha History authors. This section is a work in progress: we are continually reviewing, transcribing and adding new documents. If you would like to suggest a document for inclusion, please make contact.

Unit and Novel Information

Book Title: Twenty and Ten
Author: Claire Huchet Bishop
Publisher and date: The Trumpet Club, 1952: renewed 1980
Curriculum Developer: Kristi Le Kirby

Summary: Twenty and Ten is based on a true story that occurred during World War II. This story takes place at a refuge in France. At the time, Germany had taken over France and were destroying the Jews. In order to save the lives of ten Jewish children, Sister Gabriel and her twenty students put their own lives at stake. When the Jewish children came, the twenty students promised that they would never betray the children, 'no matter what the Nazis do.'
The ten and twenty students soon become fast friends. However, it wasn't until the Nazis came that their friendship was truly tested. By accident, the children had found a hidden cave behind a large boulder next to the school. The ten Jewish children were forced to hide in the cave as the Nazis searched the refuge. Sister Gabriel was captured by the Nazis, so the students were left by themselves to conceal the children. Eventually the Nazis were convinced that the refuge was not hiding the Jewish children. The ten children's lives were saved.

Social Studies Relevance: This book deals a great deal with the history of World War II and the Holocaust. It looks deeply into the loyalty of friends. It deals with the decision making of the students who concealed the Jewish children, as well as the Jewish children themselves. This book can also be used to teach about geography (European) and political science (how dictatorships are different from democracies).

Grade Level Focus: 5th grade
Relationship to Social Studies State Core:

  • Write a conclusion about an historical event in order to formulate an idea for present and future events.
  • Create individually, or in a group, one or more of the following: newspapers, posters, poetry, bumper stickers, interviews, surveys, bulletin boards, stories, letter writing, diaries, dialogues, or songs.
  • Evaluate with other class members right and wrong actions, according to universal standards, as being morally acceptable or unacceptable.
  • Use maps to explain the geographical setting of historical and current events.
  • Explain the scope and limits of freedom in a democratic society.
  • Describe how our representative form of government gives authority to elected and appointed leaders to make decisions and how the citizen can be involved in this process.

Title of Lesson: Judaism

Objective:
*Given the K-W-L chart, students will be able to ask appropriate questions to a guest speaker and fill in the chart according to the answers.
*Given what they have learned from the guest speaker, students will be able to write in a response journal their feelings on the persecution of the Jews.

Materials:
*large sheet of butcher paper
*guest speaker
*individual response journals

Procedure:
1. K-W-L. On a large sheet of butcher paper, write 'Judaism' with three wide columns underneath. Label the columns 'know', 'want to know', and 'learned.' As a class, brainstorm everything known about Judaism and list what they come up with under the 'know' column. Then list questions about things the class wants to know under the 'want to know' column.

2. Remind the students of appropriate conduct when a visitor is speaking.

3. Guest Speaker. Invite a guest speaker that is a Jew or is familiar with the Jewish religion to the classroom. Have the speaker touch on points dealing with the religion and nationality of Judaism and how it relates into World War II.

4. After the guest speaker has left, fill in the 'learned' portion of the K-W-L chart as a class.

5. Response journal. Have students individually write in a response journal their feelings on the persecution of the Jews during World War II.

Evaluation:
*I will evaluate the K-W-L chart to see if the listed questions were asked and then filled into the appropriate columns.
*I will read each individual's response journal to ensure they have written something related to the discussion of the guest speaker.


Title of Lesson: Dictatorship Versus Democracy

Objectives:
*Given the first three chapters of the book, Twenty and Ten, and supplementary materials on types of government, students will be able to discuss government in the U.S. and compare it to the dictatorship in Germany during World War II.
*Students will be able to construct a Venn diagram including the differences and similarities of democracies and dictatorships.
*Students will complete a data retrieval chart on dictatorships and democracies.
Materials:
*supplementary information on types of governments (see Appendix)
*enough copies of Ten and Twenty, by Claire Huchet Bishop, for each student
*blank data retrieval charts on dictatorships and democracies
Procedures:
1. (Anticipatory Set): Randomly call on students to share their predictions of what will happen in the first two chapters of Twenty and Ten.

2. Ask students to raise their hand when they want to read. Begin reading chapters 1-2 to the class. Call on volunteers to read.

3. Guided reading. Have students predict what the 'gold' was that Arthur gave to Henry. Continue reading to find out. Have the students guess who was following Janet and Henry while they were at the creek. Students should predict what happens in chapter three using the title, 'The Cave,' as a clue. Read the chapter.

4. Guided discussion. Ask students why they think chocolate was such a treasure to the children in the story. What made it hard for children to get chocolate? Does this have anything to do with the ration cards the children were forced to use to gage how much they could eat? Explain that ration cards were used for the purpose of giving out food and clothing to people during the war because of the scarcity. Hitler kept food for himself and left only a small amount for people who were opposed to him. Explain who Hitler was and that he was a dictator of Germany. His future goal, with the help of the Nazis, was to overtake the world and have a 'perfect race.' One of the steps in accomplishing this was to exterminate certain groups of people like the handicapped, blacks, and Jews.

5. Pass out the supplementary materials on types of governments. Review the materials as a class.

6. Data Retrieval Chart. Give each student a data retrieval chart. From the materials and chapters they have read, students should complete the chart briefly describing the characteristics of each type of government. To make the chart, two columns should be labeled 'dictatorship,' 'monarchy,' and 'democracy.' Rows going down vertically should be: 'ruled by,' 'leader gains power by,' 'leader shares power with,' 'laws are made by,' and 'extent of individual freedom.'

7. Venn diagram. Draw two large circles on the board with a small overlap. The circles should be labeled 'Dictatorship' and 'Democracy'. After most of the students have completed their charts, ask them to share what they have found. As students offer their comments, write down key words in the Venn diagram on the board. For each comment, students should think of the corresponding aspect for the other government. If these are opposites, they should go in opposite circles. If they are similar, they should go in the overlap. There should be very few similarities between the two governments.

8. Review the lesson, commenting on the differences between our government (democracy) and the government in the book (dictatorship).

Evaluation: I will observe students' contributions to the discussion and Venn diagram. Anecdotal notes will be taken on any student unable to add to the discussion. I will examine the data retrieval charts to see if students understood the aspects of a dictatorship versus a democracy.

***This lesson can be broken into two lessons***

Title of Lesson: Twenty and Tenstory-map

Objectives:
*Given the readings from Twenty and Ten, students will be able to draw a map of the setting of the story.
*Students will list two statements describing how the setting arrangement in the book affected the plot of the story.

Materials:
*blank drawing paper
*crayons
*enough Twenty and Ten books for each student
*pencils
Procedures:
1. Finish reading the book, Twenty and Ten.
2. Ask the students how the arrangement of buildings, fields, roads, etc., affect the route they go to school. Discuss how their route may be different if the setting was changed. They may go to school a different way. They may take a bus rather than walk. Explain that setting greatly affects how things turn out.

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3. Ask students to think of a secret hiding place or a place where they like to go to be alone. Each student should picture that place in his/her minds. Explain that the setting of the hiding place greatly affects how effective the hiding place is. For example, if a hiding place is surrounded by trees, it would be a better place than one out in the open. Ask volunteers to explain how their hiding place would be changed if the setting were to change.

4. After students have discussed the importance of setting, have them think of the setting in the story. Ask them if anything about the setting was critical for the safety of the ten Jewish children. How did the placement of the cave save the children from being caught by the Nazis? How did the placement of the out-house keep the Nazis from suspecting Janet's venture to the cave? What other important pieces from the setting affected the story plot? How?

5. Story Map. Hand each student a blank piece of paper. Instruct them to map out the setting of the story, including the schoolhouse, cave, road to the city, the city, playground, out-house, etc. Students should look back through the book to find more important facts to help them with their map. Maps should take a birds-eye view.

6. After student's have completed their maps, instruct them to turn the maps over and write two statements describing how the setting in the book affected the safety of the ten Jewish children.

7. Gather and display the maps. Discuss any differences. Look in the book and find any clues that might clear up any differences. Review the plot of the story and how the setting affected it. While doing this, read some statements on the back of the student's maps.

Evaluation:
*Observations of the discussions and examinations of the story-maps will show me if the students have met the objectives.
*I will also read the two statements describing how the setting affected the story plot to see if the students have understood the importance of the setting.

Title of Lesson: Decision Tree and Letter to Character

Objectives:
*After students have related the readers' theatre to the class, students will complete a decision tree worksheet.
*Given the feelings they had while creating the decision tree, students will express their appreciation, in the form of a letter, to one of the characters in Twenty and Ten for the courage they displayed during the Holocaust.

Materials:
*readers' theatre script for each performer
*decision-tree worksheets
*enough envelopes and lined paper for each student
*popsicle sticks with each student's name.

Procedure:
1. Have the principal come in and tell the teacher to please leave the room because he/she has a secret to tell the class. The principal tells the class a secret about the teacher when she leaves (the teacher actually knows what the secret is). Examples of secrets could be a surprise party for the teacher, an April fools joke, a special award, etc. When the teacher comes back in, she should try to bribe the class with treats to tell her what the secret was.
2. After a few minutes of bribing, tell the class that they will read about some students that resisted bribery from a Nazi to save the lives of ten Jewish children. State the objective. As the readers' theatre is being read, students should put themselves into the place of the students in the story and think of what they would do if they were in that situation.

3. Volunteers to read the readers' theatre should put a popsicle stick with their name on it and put it in a container. Draw out names randomly and assign parts to the corresponding person.

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4. Students should come to the front of the class and read the script until the part where the Nazi was bribing the children to tell where the Jewish children were hidden. Readers should go back to their desks for the next activity.
5. Discuss how the characters in the script have to make a decision that depends on their lives and/or the lives of ten Jewish children.

6. As a class, compare the differences between the bribery the teacher did at the beginning of the lesson and the bribery of the Nazi in the script. For example, the children in the script hadn't seen chocolate or candy for a very long time, so the temptation was very strong. The students see it almost every day, so the temptation may not have been so tempting. As students offer their comments, write them on the board under two separate columns: 1. Nazi bribing children. 2. Teacher bribing you.

7. Hand out the decision tree worksheet. On the board, draw a large square with four equal boxes inside. The top two boxes should be labeled 'good consequences.' The bottom two should be labeled 'bad consequences.' In the first column, above the boxes, should be labeled 'tell' and the left column should be labeled 'not tell'. As students offer their comments on the possible consequences of the character's choices, write them in the appropriate boxes. Generate ideas that might happen to the children if they were to tell or if they didn't tell where the Jewish children were hiding.

8. Script readers should come to the front of the class and finish reading the script to find out what decision the children made.

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9. Taking the point of view of a hidden Jewish child, have students write a letter of appreciation to a character in the script, expressing their thanks for the sacrifice and courage that was expressed in their behalf.
Remind the students of the difficult decision the characters were faced with. Instruct them to use their decision tree as a guide.

10. Instruct the students that did not participate in the readers theatre to put a popsicle stick with their names into a container. Drawing from the popsicle stick pool, randomly select students to read their letters to the class. Review the decision making process (thinking of good and bad consequences for each decision). Optional: Pass out and eat the treats from the beginning of class.

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Evaluation:
*I will assess individual decision tree worksheets to see if students thought through the decision making process.
*I will read the letters to ensure that students expressed their feelings concerning the sacrifice some individuals made during the Holocaust.

World
********APPENDIX********

Types of Governments

AUTOCRACY-Governments ruled by one person

Monarchy:
A monarchial government is ruled by a king, queen, emperor, empress, or tsar. In an absolute monarchy, the monarch rules completely by themselves. In a constitutional monarchy, the monarch shares power with elected lawmakers. These lawmakers make sure the monarch does not overtake the powers of the government.

Dictatorship:
A dictatorship is another form of autocracy. It differs from a monarchy in that the ruler gains his power through force. Dictators hold complete control of the government, sharing no powers with anyone else. Sometimes, a dictator controls all aspects of a person's life, including social and economical.


DEMOCRACY-Governments ruled by many people

Democracy:
Democratic governments are ruled by the people they represent. The goal of a democratic government is to reflect the will of the people. Two types of democracy are listed below.

1. Athenian Model of Direct Democracy:
This democracy exists when the will of the people is directly put into public law. This exits only in small communities in which citizens can meet in a chosen place and decide together the laws they want to live by.

2. Representative Democracy:
This democracy uses elected people to represent the will of the people. The representatives are elected by the people and can be voted out of office if the people do not want that person in office any more.

A democracy makes sure that:

1. All citizens have equal opportunities to express their beliefs through voting.
2. All people have individual freedom .
3. All people have equal opportunities.
4. There are people who rule the government, but all people have rights.
5. The people agree to be governed by the leaders.

This information has been adapted from West's American Government, West Publishing Company/9915-6/MRJ/2-92:1992

CONTENTS:
TK560 Main

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Stormtrooper Armor
Lightsabers
Astro-Mech Droids
How-to Guides

Cylon Centurion
Viper Pilot Helmet
M41-a Pulse Rifle
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B5 PPG

Retro Box Designs
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Replica Parts
40th Anniversary

Replica Weapons/Gear
Reenactment Units
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M1 Garand Rifle
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Discussion Board
Lauren Photo Albums
Egner II Design

Please note, that the images, logos, and respected artworks, are property of the original copyright owners. TK560 has no affiliation with any of the intellectural property owners. This is a fan site dealing with movie and television replica props, original GIjOE action figures, World War II memorbilla, and marksmanship/ firearms interests. Most of the images used on this site are photgraphed by the site owners. Official logos are used to identify specific products/ manufacturers.


The finished MK I helmet.

Note: a second 'improved' helmet kit is under construction. Check back soon for updates to this 'hero' version of the prop.

Cylon Centurion Helmet
Another great sci-fi prop to add to your collection. By your command.

First of all, I'd like to say that it was years since I've seen Battlestar Galactica, [until the DVD set was released in October] and when I began research on this project, I was delighted to find that there was 'alive and well' BSG community on the internet. I wanted to build a complete costume, like I did with my Stormtrooper uniform. Unfortunately the cost for a 'real' or 'official' one was prohibitive. I decided to start with just the helmet, [as I did years ago with my Stormtrooper]. I searched several options, fiberglass, resin, and vac-u-formed plastics, before choosing on a vac-u-form styrene/resing kit. The following is a work in progress that details the build up of this prop replica. Please note, I'm not a big fan of 'sending off' my stuff for others to complete, even having a pro shop do the chrome plating, just so you would know. Also, under the PAINTING section, I have my experiments of different off-the-shelf chrome options and techniques available for comparison.

The kit is one of those 'unofficial' versions, as there are no known officially liscensed helmet only kits on the market. Check the LINKS page for official BSG merchandise. Click here to request the source of the helmet by email.

Parts

The kit arrived from the online seller in quick fashion, and was $65 plus shipping. Now, for anyone who has never dealt with unofficial or garage made kits, these things can be a little rough as compared to a commercially produced piece. I was pleasantly surprised. The kit, although a simple 4 part job, was fairly symentrical, and the vac formed plastic moulds had cut lines as guides. The resin 'eye' is less symetrical and had numerous casting flaws. The 'mouth' piece was at first glance dissapointing, but furthur research revealed there were originally 2 types of 'mouths' , the one in the kit is a 'background' version.

Materials

Well, the styrene kit needed to be trimmed, glued primed painted and chromed. The following is my list of needed parts or supplies to finish this kit:

Sharp hobby knife [X-acto]

Sand paper in various grits from medium to extra fine

Steel wool 0000

Super Glue and accellerant

Sharpie fine tip marker

Body filler glazine putty [Bondo spot putty] red kind

foil type metal duck tape

Flat spring type clamps

ruler

Takck cloth

Primer paint [gray or white]

Dark gloss machine gray spray paint

Ultra flat black spray paint

Glossy Black for chrome undercoat

Gray foam or Hard hat liner [optional]

2 part resin for building up the visor, JB quick weld or similar 1:1 resign will do.

electronics for eye

electrnic for warble and cylong voice

Building
The following is a photo gallery detailing the building process. Please note, this is not the only way to build the kit, and I used a lot of liberty in making this one. Again, I tried to use hardware store or auto parts store materials instead of special mail order stuff.
Image 1 shows the kit as received from the seller. Note the instruction sheet, visor and mouth pieces.Image 2 shows the amount of trimming needed to get started. The visor area, will be done last.Image 3 shows the non symetrical visor part. this will require some build-up to make work.
Image 4 shows the mouth part, and is the 'background type, with less defined 'vents'.Image 5 shows a trimmed helmet half on the right and the as received one on the left. Note the amount of trimming around the bottom of the helmet.Image 6 details the 'mohawk' trim. Note, the mouth area and visor are not yet trimmed.
Image 7 details the final trim without the visor slot cut.Image 8: The next step required the two halves to fit together and hold its shape. Since these two halves do not overlap, and controling the contact points needed to be considered, I decided at this point to make my helmet a one piece unit. Image 9 I cut small strips of styrene from the excess trim materials, and super glued them to make fingers. alternating them on each side of the helmet halves.
Image 10 shows one side...Image 11 shows the other side...Image 12 shows that when fitted together the helmet starts to take shape.
Image 13 details the inside of the helmet. Note how the finger strips inter mesh to hold its shape.Image 14 shows the parts of the kit up to this point.Image 15 shows the body filler applied to smoothe out the resin visor casting flaws.
Image 16 shows the non-symetrical shape of the twos parts. This was discovered after the two halves were gluded together.Image 17 shows masking tape applied to the inner side seam, to act as a backstop for the body filler.Image 18 shows the body filler applied to the seam. Several layers will be required.
Image 19 shows the body filler used to hide the seam. Note the top is not even, and will require a build up. I kinda like the red 'mohawk'! Image 20 shows another view of the body filler applied. Styrene is very easy to use and will take a lot of abuse before a repair is necessary. Look-out though, styrene will melt and distort in hot weather and is subject to melting with certain chemicals like finger nail polish remover.
Image 21 I needed to extend the 'nose bridge' section about 3/4'. So I built up a small form from hobby clay, masking tape and carboard, mixed some Bondo and poured it in the form. Bondo will set up in a few minutes, and was ready to sand.
Image 22 shows the backsideof the nose bridge extension, I reinforced it with a strip of styrene from an old garage sale sign. Just super Glue it into place.Image 23 shows some final sanding and some additional surface pinhole repairs. Note the top portion, it needs to be more level, the left side is considerably thinner than the right side.Image 24 shows a close up of the addition. Almost ready to paint. There needs to be some additional material added to the top left portion of the visor.

Image 25 shows the primer gray paint before a ultra flat black top coat is applied. Note, the leftside has been rebuilt, using a simple masking tape form, and Bondo then sanded to conform to the final shape.

Image 26 shows the painting of the ultra Flat black paint still wet. The flash from the camera makes the black look glossy. It is not. Image 27 shows the helmet shell ready for final primer coat. A lot of defects will be revealed with the gray primer.
Image 28 this is what the first coat of gray primer looks like. Not bad, but some rough spots will need to be addressed. 2 more primer coats will be necessary.Image 29 shows the mouth portion with the first of the two primer coats. The finish coat will be a machine grey glossy with a Plasticote Charcoal Gray topcoat dusting. This will simulate a gun metal finish.Image 30 shows final smoothing and defect filling using the body filler. A final topcoat of primer will be added. On to chrome painting.
Image 31 shows the initial application of the Krylon Original Chrome paint. Not as shiney as real chrome, but will work for this project. Several coats will be applied, and a final glossy topcoat will be added to give it a little more shine. Image 32 shows the second coat of chrome paint. Image 33 Adding the mouth vent.
Image 34 Marking the position of the visor.Image 35 making some tension splints for holding the visor.Image 36 masking for final accent color with a low stick masking tape to define the outline.
Image 37 painting the accent color a flat black.Image 38 final product without electronics.Electronic eye and 'warble' sount to be added later.

NOTE:
Bondo is a trade name as is used for gthe generic term Two-Part Polyester Resin Auto Body Filler.
Super Glue is a trade name for Cyroacryllic glue
Xacto is a trade name Precision Hobby Knife.

Painting

I'm a big fan of Krylon. Rustoleum is ok, but the control of the Krylon for me works better. Below is the results of several 'spray chrome' paints. The Krylon 'Original Chrome' gives the best effect, but must be sprayed from a close distance, no more than 4-6 inches from the surface, and every last trace of dust will show up. Also, I have noticed the surface will release easily if masking tape is applied. So when painting the rear indent areas, you might want to do them first, mask the them, then paint the chrome last.

The kit gets 2-3 coats of Krylon Sandable Gray Primer

The visor gets 2-3 top coats of Krylon Ultra Flat Black

The Mouth gets 2-3 top coats of Krylon Machine Gray and a dusting of Plasticote Charcoal gray auto body paint.

The helmet shell gets one heavy coat of Krylon Original Chrome

The helmet indents get 1-2 coats of Krylon Ultra Flat Black

Let the helmet dry for several days. The chrome will lift, and there will be some fingerprinting. Only other option is a Pro Shop Chroming service. Price Range is $80 to $150 for the shell. Ouch!

Here is the chrome finish samples:

I prefer the one on the far right, the Krylon Original Chrome, next to that one, is Krylon's short can of chrome, in the middle is Rustoleum Spray Silver, and on the left, is the Krylons with a polyurethane topcoat, yuck.

Finishing

Detailing this project consisted of superglue-ing the mouth piece to the front, and mounting the visor. I wanted to remove the visor part in the future so that I could add electronics, I tension bracked mounting system was devised with strips of styrene.

Conclusion

This was a fun project, that did not require a lot of time or special supplies or equipment. If I were to do it again. I would not use the provided visor, but make my own. Also, having the helmet chromed would be a nice touch, but expensive $65 to $100. More that the cost of the helmet and the paint! For the prop maker on a budget this is a good alternative. Add a foam sweatband, and cut the eye slot, and you can wear it!

References

the following images are collected from the web. Try Google image search for cylon.

Here is an excellent reference page for a real Cylon! Thanks Starbuck!

Links

KROPSERKEL Prop collection page has good info on Cylons. Check out this page. www.kropserkel.com/cylon.htm

WeGottaFindEarth.com Cylon suit reference Page with images of a real Cylon suit and helmet.

www.battlestargalactica.org offically liscensed BSG gear, although sometimes hard to get.

www.jcwhitney.com Eye electronics source.

www.cylong.org a Cylon news site.

Replica Prop Forum - grandaddy of all prop collecting discussion boards. [membership required]

www.ChrisPappas.com - veteran collector of original BSG props.

Last update: March 30, 2006

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